History (105)

Friday, 08 December 2017 09:06


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The culture of Dubai tends to be rooted in the Islamic traditions of Arabia. Islam in Dubai is not just considered as a religion, but it governs the way of life from what to drink and eat and also what to wear. The culture of Dubai tends to set them apart from the rest of the world. The values and social standards usually play a role in the culture. When visitors visit Dubai, they are supposed to respect and behave well because emirates tend to be very protective of their traditions and culture. Dubai is known as the entertainment capital in Middle East; however, it forbids nationals who practice Islam to indulge in entertaining services that are being offered. These are services that are usually located in the tourist areas than the residential areas. Dubai does not prohibit alcohol as long as it is confined within night club, bar, and hotel. Residents are normally allowed to drink in their homes only if they have an alcohol license that is issued by the municipal (Dunston 2007).

Individual and social customs tend to exist that differ from the western culture. In Dubai, visitors and expatriates are usually required not to flaunt their western culture habits while in the streets because the nationals may find it offensive. Religion and Islamic faith tend to play a key role in the life of Dubai nationals. Ramadan is a the most religious time in the year and tourists are required to be aware of this time period where smoking and drinking are not allowed in public during the day.

The political structure of Dubai fits most of UAE. Dubai and UAE are governed by Muslims, and the economy is also part guided by Muslim economic attitudes. The government of Dubai has been around since 1971, and it has been able to create a good relation with other countries. Since joining UAE, Dubai has not experienced any political violence or even involved in any major conflicts. The leaders of the city have implemented a bold development strategy, and it has managed to focus on shipping, finance, and mass communication. Dubai government just like UAE tends to tolerate the western culture in an extraordinary high level as compared to other Arab gulf states (Abrahamson 2013). Dubai has diversified its economy so that to become a political stable center for tourism and commerce. This is a city that reflects growing reliance on foreign labor with South Asians being the largest expatriates making 4.5 % of the private sector.

            Dubai has had a tremendous growth for the past decade, and because of the economic situation, the city has been growing very quickly. The government has been able to foster a sense of calm between expatriates and nationals. Nationals are satisfied with their rules because they have a government that provides them with generous welfare systems that include subsidized or free education and healthcare and the probability of government employment (John 2013). Because of the thriving modern culture, Dubai has been able to attract many tourists to the country. Tourism is among the largest growth sectors in this city. Tourists are visiting Dubai because of the warm climate during winter, the beaches and tolerance of the city for many aspects of western lifestyle including wearing bikinis. The high degree of political stability has resulted to the economic growth of Dubai, and this is evident because of the absence of anti-government Islamic movements.


Abrahamson, M (2013). Urban sociology Cambridge University Press

Dunston, L (2007). Dubai Lonely Planet

John, (2013). UAE’s economy growth momentum set to pick up Khaleej Times

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Friday, 08 December 2017 08:58

Saudi Arabia: Business Environment

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Saudi Arabia is an Arabic nation rich in culture. The Saudi Arabians have integrated their culture into the modern world, and the practice of Arab and Islamic traditions is common. The exporter from US must be familiar with the Islamic highlights that are considered special. For instance, the holy month of Ramadan and the Hajj are important seasons for the Saudi Arabians and must, therefore, be followed. Saudi Arabia is open to foreign investors and thus allows foreign investors to make investments in the country (Saudi Arabia embassy, 2013). The country provides the following incentives to foreign investors. First, foreign investors enjoy low taxation rates, exception of exports from custom duties, immunity from customs duties on machinery, tools and spare parts. The foreign investor can also enjoy exemption from custom duties on raw materials and semi-finished goods. These exemptions will benefit the company as it handles the exportation of electrical cars.  

The company will be able to import the completed electric car, or import parts of the car, which can then be assembled in Saudi Arabia.  However, as foreign investment, with the intention of importing electric cars from the US, the business will be regulated by the foreign investment regulations.  The foreign investment regulation is responsible for the issuance of licenses. The operation of business enterprises in Saudi Arabia is managed under the company laws of Saudi Arabia.  Foreign investors are advised to establish a joint-stock company or a limited liability company. The car importation business would be ideal as a limited liability company. The company can also acquire a patent from the King Abdul Aziz city for science and technology.  A valid, 15 years patent will be issued with a five year renewal after expiry (Al-amri, 2014). The trademark that the company will use will be governed by the trademarks regulations.  With regard to working hours, the company will have to abide to the 8hours per day shift as stipulated by the labor laws.  The month of Ramadan is exempted as workers work for 6hours, to allow for prayers.


Al-amri, M. (2014). Doing business in Saudi Arabia. Retrieved from http://www.alamri.com/DOING%20BUSINESS%20IN%20SAUDI%20ARABIA.pdf

Saudi Arabia embassy, (2013). About Saudi Arabia. Retrieved from http://www.saudiembassy.net/about/country-information/culture_art/

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Friday, 08 December 2017 08:13


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Problem Definition

The sample organization used for this exercise is an organization whose leadership development program involves selecting fresh college graduates and putting them through a 2-year training and induction program. The program is intended to build leaders from within the organization through training of young interns who would then progress to top-level management after completion of the program. However, the organization has conducted a survey and found out from the feedback from their interns that their program is dull, too theoretical, and overly mechanic. The organization recognizes that such a program depresses the engagement of interns and makes, making it difficult to link the training outcome to business value. The organization is considering how to leverage gamification as it offers an opportunity to improve employee engagement and, hence, transform educational outcomes to meet the organizational goals set for the program.

Important Game Mechanics

  1. Cascading information theory: the aim of the introduction of games is to discourage the program from being overly theory based. It is intended to help trainers provide information in snippets
  2. Epic meaning: The aim of the game is also to motivate players and make them feel the training program is valuable.
  3. Virality: The game is intended to foster participation and collaboration among multiple players
  4. Progression: the game is intended to provide instantaneous feedback and display the progress following completion of chapters or sections of the curriculum.

Expected Benefits

Integrating the concept of gamification into employee training curriculums or programs impacts the way organizations educate their interns and employees. Introducing games into training programs creates an improved educational experience by promoting realism, enhancing competition, and delivering quick feedback concerning progress. The value of gamification for both the worker and organization is compelling. It improves collaboration and problem solving skills, improves knowledge retention, and higher learner engagement relative to programs that do not include game plays.

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Friday, 08 December 2017 08:02


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Restating the introductory class text for chapter five, topical relevance is a fundamental concept in library and information sciences and a key problem area in information retrieval. The concept implies matching user inquiries and appropriate information or document. Chapter 5, i.e. “Looking for Information”, explores information seeking and use, introducing new models and theories of information behavior. For the librarian, the ability to provide useful information depends on the understanding of vital human information seeking behaviors and human information use. Chapter 5 discusses various studies that have investigated information behavior. Of importance to this week’s discussion, Chapter 5 addresses important questions that help in understanding information-related behavior. For example, why do people seek information? What makes information relevant? These are two vital questions.

Warwick et al. (2009) discusses findings of a study that explored how people locate, evaluate, and make effective use of information. The researchers wanted to establish the level of expertise of the study participants comprising information management students, in evaluating resource usefulness and using a myriad of information in both physical and digital settings. The study findings indicate that, although many participants felt that there is an overabundance of places to seek assistance, up to 40% of the study participants did not know exactly where to go for assistance in making the final selection of resources.

Hirsh (1999) explores the information behavior and search methods of elementary school-age children. The study focused on information search for school assignments and the use of the school library. Observation was made on an observation of topic selection, process of information searching, reviewing results, and selecting the most useful resource. The general observation form the study is that only a negligible number of students showed concern for the authority and validity of search results.

Kim and Sin (2012) present findings of a study on the source selection behavior of undergraduates. The article explores the sources used frequently, criteria for source selection, perception of different sources, and the relationship between source selection criteria and student knowledge about selection criteria. The study found a discrepancy between student knowledge and their actions in source selection. Results show that students do not apply the criteria that they consider the most important when selecting sources.

Lown, Sierra, and Boyer (2013) discuss the application of unified search solutions in simplifying and discovering library resources based on a study of how users use a large public university library. The study findings indicate that catalogs and articles are predominant in unified library search.

In relation to the findings discussed in the articles, it is fundamental that librarians acknowledge the importance of an on-going evaluation of behaviors of library users. Understanding the behavior of library users and the dynamics of the change is vital in ensuring accuracy and efficiency in responding to user inquiries and matching them to useful resources. For example, the finding that many users do not understand how to make the final selection of resources from the search results demonstrate the librarian is an important link. Topical relevance in user searches lies on the shoulders of the librarian. It is an area of focus in advancing the capacity of library systems to respond appropriately to user inquiries with accuracy and efficiency. Perhaps, the library ought to refine information literacy programs so as to support the selection of quality resources.

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Friday, 08 December 2017 07:57

Policy Analysis

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Distinctive models are used within the country’s criminal justice system. While some models are based on the due process, others are based on conflict and crime control. The state and federal authorities employ these models for distinctive roles. The effectiveness of the different models is different. In essence, the effectiveness of each model is massively dependent on the type of crime or conflict being solved. This underlines the significance aligning the criminal justice system to the most effective model. This analysis zeroes in on these models in line with a comparative framework of two policies. In essence, these policies are the marijuana laws for California and state legislative framework for marijuana. These policies address the same problem of marijuana abuse. However, they are massively distinctive because one focuses on the state while the other policy framework narrows down on the entire nation.

The Role of Law Enforcement on both Policies

The framework of law enforcement is massively essential for the actualization or implementation of the Californian marijuana laws and the federal marijuana laws. In essence, the policies cannot be actualized effectively without having the relevant mechanisms for law enforcement. Marijuana is a widely abused substance across the State of California and also across the entire nation. Law enforcement agencies are essential role-players within the entire criminal justice system (Stanley, 2012). This perspective accentuates the immense significance of law enforcement towards the two marijuana policies. Within the State of California, the state law enforcement agencies are immensely influential in the implementation of state laws on marijuana. At the federal level, federal law enforcement agencies like the FBI and DEA are crucial role players for the implementation of the country’s laws on marijuana. In contrast to the state law enforcement agencies, the federal agencies are concerned with the entire nation.

The contribution of federal law enforcement agencies towards the federal marijuana policy is hence based on the federal criminal justice systems. In contrast, the law enforcement mechanisms of California state law enforcement systems for the marijuana policy must be based on California’s criminal justice system. At both levels, offenders are arrested while also charging them with criminal offences (Goldstein, 2010). The law enforcement systems are also essential role players in terms of deterrence. Deterrence is an essential aspect for both policies (Regan, 2011). Potential abusers of this substance must be discouraged from the practice within the stipulations of the policy. In addition to deterrence, the law enforcement systems at both levels are essential in terms of crime prevention.

The Role of Prosecutors and Courts

            Apart from the law enforcement systems, prosecutors and courts are also instrumental in the two policies on marijuana. Both the prosecutors and the courts must involve other platforms of criminal justice policy. This actualizes the various marijuana policies. The prosecutor has the mandate of booking the offender for the abuse or possession of illegal substances. At the federal level, marijuana is categorized as an illegal substance (Siegel, 2008). However, some states have not enacted any policy that illegalizes marijuana. This perspective underlines how the federal marijuana policies might conflict with the state marijuana policies. For the case of California, marijuana is recognized as an illegal substance. The state prosecutors must hence charge all people found with the substance. The courts are also essential contributors towards the state and federal frameworks of marijuana policies. The fundamental role of the courts is to facilitate for a trial of the charged offender. The trial process must be highly transparent (Miller, 2010). Additionally, courts at both government levels have the obligation to align their respective judgments to the stipulated laws. The absence of courts and prosecutors can immensely hamper the implementation of marijuana policies by the California State government and also the federal government.

The Role of Corrections in the Policies

Corrections are pertinent components of the criminal justice process. It is hence vital to evaluate their role on the distinctive marijuana policies in California and also at the federal level. Corrections deal with the sentenced or tried offenders. The most salient role of the correctional system is to prevent recidivism. This is aligned to the framework of preventing the abuse of marijuana among previous users. The high rates of recidivism have hampered the implementation of marijuana policies across the entire nation. This accentuates the importance of the various correctional systems. In essence, the corrections ensure that the marijuana offenders change their attitudes and lifestyles. Rehabilitation is another vital role of the various correctional systems. The framework for rehabilitation plays an excellent part in terms of ameliorating the high rates of recidivism (Stanley, 2012). Based on these stipulations, correctional systems are indispensable components for the implementation of marijuana policies.

Differences between the Application of Federal and Local Policies

            There are minimal differences in the application of marijuana policies at the two main administrative levels. Within the federal level, the policies are strongly applied to dangerous drug barons and extensive marijuana cartels. These are cartels with extensive networks across several states. Additionally, the implementation of the marijuana policies at the federal level is extremely intensive. The other pertinent aspect of implementing the marijuana policies is the perspective of personnel. A high number of personnel is required at the federal level. This is massively distinctive from the minimal number of personnel required at the state level (Regan, 2011). However, the implementation of marijuana policies at both levels is based on more or less similar goals. This is a pertinent aspect that accentuates the similarities between the two administrative frameworks in terms of implementing the marijuana policies.

Opinion on the Policies

The various policies on marijuana are highly effective towards the enhancement of the country’s criminal justice system. The abuse of marijuana has immensely undermined the standards of security across the American society. Based on such an undesirable outcome, the various policies on this drug are essential towards ameliorating the problem. However, it is also vital to develop adequate systems for minimizing conflicts between the California marijuana policies and the federal marijuana policies (Siegel, 2008). This can greatly enhance the performance of correctional systems and also the law enforcement framework.

Measuring the Effectiveness of Policies

The effectiveness of these policies can be evaluated in terms of goal attainment. The various policies are based on more or less similar objectives. The achievement of these objectives can be an excellent yardstick for determining the effectiveness (Stanley, 2012). Apart from the evaluation of goals, another vital aspect of measuring the effectiveness involves the rates of marijuana abuse across the nation. The various policies are geared towards the amelioration of substance abuse across the nation.


Goldstein, M. J. (2010). Legalizing drugs, Twenty-First Century Books

Miller, F. P. (2010). Marijuana policy project, VDM Publishing

Regan, T. (2011). Joint ventures: Inside America’s almost legal marijuana, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons

Siegel, L. (2008). Introduction to criminal justice, Mason, OH: South-Western

Stanley, E. (2012). State crime and resistance, New York, NY: Taylor & Francis

Janet Peter is the Managing Director of FastCustomWriting.Com a globally competitive custom essay writing company  which is the premiere provider of Essay Writing Services, Research Paper Writing Services at Term Paper Writing Services at very affordable cost. For 9 years, she has helped a number of students in different academic subjects.

Friday, 08 December 2017 07:46

Poverty in California

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There are over 46.5 million people living in poverty, in America, today (Census Bureau, 2013). These American families even before the great economic recession were facing a major challenge in making ends meet. With the increasing cost of living and continuing unemployment, more and more people have had to make choices on their necessities such as food, childcare, education and healthcare. In 2012, median household income was approximated to be $51,017, which is slightly down to the 2011 rate at $51,100.

During this time, the poverty rate in California alone was high by 23.5%. The Supplemental poverty measure showed that California recorded a high cost of living and many set programs providing food stamps programs were established. California is typically the state with the highest poverty rate when compared to the rest of the nation. Poverty rate in California in the past two decades has exceeded that of the nation. The African Americans and the Latinos are the ones with the highest poverty rate than other groups with a level of 24.2% and 23.6% respectively (Bohn and Levin, 2013).

 Most families that are poor in California are working both full time and part time jobs. the county with the highest poverty level is the Merced County with 30.0% while the rest in Bay area (Santa Clara, Marin, Alameda, Contra Costa and Sonoma) has poverty rates below 13% (Bohn and Levin, 2013). Though it is not a change that is significant for the Census Bureau, it still reveals that there is a major challenge related to the stumbling of income. Poverty is a social challenge that has worsened since the hit by the recession and has remained at 8.3%, a mark below than that of 2007 (CNN Money, 2013).

Poverty is a social issue in California, which has had a lot of misconceptions, stereotypes and myths that have distorted the America’s domestic policy making and politics. Many people in California are kept out of poverty through Food stamps. Based on supplemental measure and the cost-of-living difference show that there is a much higher poverty rate in expensive states such as New York and California than less expensive states like Kentucky and Alabama. The deteriorating economic security is as a result of the increasing number of jobless people and deteriorating welfare of the people (CNN Money, 2013).


The current administration of President Obama has to come up with an administrative approach that focuses on the economy of this country. President Obama has acknowledged the need to bused opportunity ladders a reverse the current state of income inequality. There is the need to for policy makers to establish programs that will uplift the disadvantaged who are mainly the non-whites. These programs should focus are part of the historical affirmative action’s that have aimed to eliminate racial barriers that have been a major impediment to equal social economic status and e economic equality. These programs have to be made open regardless of individual’s races. The programs targeting to improving the poor are essential for family health, having a paying and decent jobs, good support in childcare, good health, and access to educations.

In order to establish a permanent solution that deals with poverty in the country, it is essential for the American economy to nature the hard work and creativity of Americans so that new jobs and businesses to replace the jobs and businesses that are no longer viable. America should have the infrastructure that supports the citizens in continual job creation, and retained in the jobs.


The goal, therefore, in poverty eradication should not be the provision of food stamps only to educate the members of the population on how to make their money and educate them to be self-reliant, productive citizens. Learning is a process that has to continue all through the person’s lifetime. The retired and widowed have to be taught how to invest their money wisely and plan for their comfortable future.

The current economic crisis clearly shows that poverty is not something that one chooses or born into. Many educated people have lost their jobs. It does not matter the reason as to why people get themselves poor. We need to help them so that they help themselves as teams that can define their problems and together in gaining small attachments before they finally make their own accomplishment. Part of ending poverty has to start, from encouraging people, to make their way out of poverty, and empowering them (Rank and Opionator 2013).

When a solution has been suggested, it will be tested and proven at a small scale before the investment gets to reopening huge profits. The goal is, therefore, to educate the young and old people alike through re-training for a new job skills. Special education programs should be made available to encourage bight and the best inventions, creation of new industries and better job opportunities. Poverty is equivalent to the creation of jobs for every individual willing to work. The human agency services also have a role to play in providing shelter, work, healthcare, protection, cash and education. The agency services can also give Californians hopes especially those living in Merced country that they improve their circumstances and redo themselves. Children living in poverty also need to be protected against hunger child neglect, and substance abuse.


Census Bureau, (2013) poverty level in America. From Http:service/view.xtal?pid=DEC_10_SF1_QTP11

On February 16, 2014

Rank M and Opionator (2013) Poverty in America's Mainstream. Retrieved from

Http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/11/02/poverty-in-america-is-mainstream/ \

On February 16th 2014

CNN Money, (2013) 15% of Americans living in poverty. Http://money.cnn.com/2013/09/17/news/economy/poverty-income/

Levin M and Bohn S (2013) Poverty in California. Retrieved from


On 2nd March 2014

Janet Peter is the Managing Director of FastCustomWriting.Com a globally competitive custom essay writing company  which is the premiere provider of Essay Writing Services, Research Paper Writing Services at Term Paper Writing Services at very affordable cost. For 9 years, she has helped a number of students in different academic subjects.

Friday, 08 December 2017 07:30

Jack Welch

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Jack Welch is one of the icons in the business leadership field. Through his leadership, he was able to turn General Electric into one of the largest and most respected firms in the world. During his time at the summit of the firm, General Electric grew from a $ 13 billion company into a $500 billion company. Jack Welch rewrote many rules of business on the path of transforming General Electric into one of most competitive companies in the world. This paper examines Jack Welch’s leadership style. Specifically, the paper identifies Jack Welch leadership traits that define him as a transformational leader.


Jack Welch was born 1935 in Salem, Massachusetts (Krames, 2002). He graduated with a Bachelors degree from the University of Massachusetts and later joined the University of Illinois where he obtained his Master’s and doctorate degrees in chemical engineering. He joined General Electric in 1960 as an employee in the plastics division. It is in this company that Jack developed his leadership abilities. Jack Welch was made the CEO of General Electric in 1981 at the age of 45 years. During this period, the economy of the country was in turmoil with skyrocketing interest rates and recessionary pressure. The stock market was also hard hit by the tough economic environment. Despite the tough economic environment, Jack introduced bold plans to revolutionize the company. Jack sold off more than 200 business units and acquired 70 additional units in efforts to restructure the firm (Krames, 2002). He also changed the senior management structure of the firm in order to enhance managerial efficiency. This move transformed the organizations an efficient and highly competitive global manufacturer. During his era at the summit of the organization, GE rose to gain the heralded status of the world’s most valuable competitor. Jack is also cited for building more shareholder wealth than any other C.E.O in history. He joined the firm when it was worth slightly more than $13 billion and left the firm with a market capitalization of over $500 billion (Krames, 2002). This is a growth of nearly 50 folds in a span of 20 years.

                                                     Jack Welch Leadership Traits                


Jack was a visionary leader. He took over the organization when many people viewed it as a successful and as an organization that needed stability rather than change. However, Jack Welch felt that though the organization was performing quite well the performance was below its potential. He also knew that the business environment would become highly competitive and, therefore, the organization cannot get comfortable with its position. Jack developed a vision of a business model that will enable the organization to utilize realize its full potential and enhance its competitiveness. The vision entailed restructuring of the organization leadership and operation models. Jack Welch visionary trait has helped General Electric excel in a business environment which is becoming increasingly competitive. Without his vision, General Electric would have been driven out of the leader’s position by other firms. Jack Welch also knew how to actualize his vision. Goal-setting was one of the strategies that he used to realize is vision (Dulberg & Paschen, 2010). Jack Welch used goal setting to inspire high levels of achievement within the organization. 

Ability to make bold decisions

Jack made various bold decisions that helped put the company into the path of growth. The decision to sell-off 500 businesses was a substantial move on the part of this CEO (Krames, 2002). Many people thought that Jack Welch was too radical. They thought that the move was unwarranted since there was general stability and orderliness in the business. However, Jack Welch was convinced that this was what he considered necessary to turn the company from an average company into a great company. To Jack, business was not about stability but about speed, excitement and ideas. He led the organization with a passion relying on objective, as well as, intuitive judgment.


Jack believed that change is a critical component of the business environment (Krames, 2002). Therefore, he focused a lot of energy toward introduces changes into the organization. He made radical decisions that challenge the status quo within the organization. He also made significant efforts towards developing a learning culture within General Electric. These efforts were anchored on the belief that employees who are able to learning can effectively respond and adapt to changes.

Emphasized on Values

Jack Welch emphasized on identifying leaders who shared GE’s values rather than finding employees who people who make numbers (Krames, 2002). He spent a significant portion of time developing core values of the organization. He emphasized that any leader who does not live these values does not belong to the organization regardless of their capabilities. Values helped to direct employees of General Electric into the same direction. Welch proved to be an honest person throughout his leadership career. He also proved to be a just boss. He promoted and laid-off employees on the basis of merit. Employees were graded annually and the results of the appraisal formed the basis of all decisions made concerning employees.

Communication and Confidence

Jack Welch was a master of communication during his time as the General Electric’s chief executive officer. He was effective in communicating his ideas both to employees and to outsiders through the media (Dulberg & Paschen, 2010). After setting his vision and goals, Jack needed to communicate this vision and goals to all stakeholders. Jack also moved to eliminate communication filters by creating a boundary-less organization where all-level employees can interact. He asked employees to communicate regularly and candidly. He made an effort to communicate with employees including hold face-face conversations. His prowess in communication is largely attributed to his level of confidence (Krames, 2002). Welch confirmed that he began to build self-confidence at early age. He spoke of how his mother taught him to see things as they are and not as they would be. He also attributed his level of confidence to the fact that he attended a state school rather than rigorous training institutions. He was a firm believer that tough experiences help a person to build confidence. Welch knew the significance of confidence in the realization of success. He focused on instilling a sense of pride and ownership among GE employees. He also pushed decision making authority downwards within the organization hierarchy in order to build confidence.

Empowered employees

Welch felt that getting everyone involved in the running of the company is the key to success of such as large scale organization. He initiated programs that were designed to eliminate hierarchy, and promote intellect and idea sharing. In 1989 launched a program that enabled employees to interact with their bosses and share their feelings concerning things that are going wrong in the company (Krames, 2002). The program aimed at creating a boundary-less firm. This program was founded on the observation that managers were not listening to employees. The Work-Out program, as it came to be known, gave employees a chance to give their inputs and influence decision-making processes within the organization. This move bore fruits as employees led to the development of largest corporate quality program that is today General Electric billions of dollars. Jack Welch was also willing to learn from employees. He admits that the idea of introducing the e-business movement came from observing employees ordering their Christmas gifts online. Jack Welch also empowered his employees through training. Welch is considered the pioneer of the concept of Corporate Universities when he established the Crotonville Training Center (Dulberg & Paschen, 2010). He is also introduced the 360 degree appraisal technique where employees could evaluate the performance of their managers and supervisors. 


Jack Welch’s leadership traits portray him as a transformational type of leader. Jack Welch was not interest in stability but rather focused on pursuing a bold vision. He was bold in terms of introducing changes in the organization. This is a significant trait that defines a transformational leader. Transformational leaders focus on developing new vision that changes the direction of the organization (Weiss, 2011). He also ensured that all employees of General Electric take part in the realization of his vision. He empowered employees and gave them avenues to give their contributions. He equated business to sports where involving every person in the game raises the chances of winning and the bar for success. He inspired others to share his vision and empowered them through training and mentorship programs. This is also a trait that defines a transformation leader. Transformation leaders focus on inspiring their followers to adopt the vision.


Dulberg, M. & Paschen, J. (2010). Jack Welch and the Motivation. Retrieved http://www.sstawski.com/download/GE.pdf 

Krames, J. (2002). The Jack Welch Lexicon of Leadership. Retrieved from http://www.strategicmanagement.ir/portal/files/articles/eBooks/TheJackWelchLexiconOfLeadership.pdf 

Weiss, J. (2011). An Introduction to Leadership. USA, Bridgepoint Education Inc.

Janet Peter is the Managing Director of FastCustomWriting.Com a globally competitive custom essay writing company  which is the premiere provider of Essay Writing Services, Research Paper Writing Services at Term Paper Writing Services at very affordable cost. For 9 years, she has helped a number of students in different academic subjects.

Friday, 08 December 2017 07:24


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            Leadership is the process of leading others in the achievement of specified goals. Different leaders in the business world use different management styles in conducting business activities. Transactional leadership and transformational leadership are opposite in matters of motivation and management concepts. In the transaction approach, leaders focus on maintaining the normal flow of operations. This helps the firm’s activities on afloat for leaders use disciplinary power plus an array of incentives towards the motivation of employees. The method helps team members perform best where managers focus on ensuring that all activities of the business are operating in a smooth approach. Transformational leadership is different from transactional because it goes beyond the management of daily operations. The approach crafts on the strategies suitable for the organization in development to the next level of success and performance. In this approach, leaders focus on team collaboration, motivation, and team building of employees at different levels of a company for the purpose of accomplishing change for the better of the firm. Leaders in this approach set incentives and goals that help push team members towards higher performance levels and provide opportunities for career and personal growth, (Weiss, 2011).

            Although leaders should focus on leadership approaches that are better for the organization growth, it is my belief that employees are also important components in the survival of the company. Transformational leadership is more effective than transactional because the approach focuses on both the needs of a firm as well as the needs of the employees. Without employees, company management can’t manage to achieve organization set goals. Transformation leadership helps appreciate and motivate employees thus it’s an effective method in running an organization, (Weiss, 2011).


Weiss, J. W. (2011). An introduction to leadership. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc

Janet Peter is an academic writer and an editor and she offers custom essay writing service. Thus, people that doubt their own writing abilities can use the best custom paper writing service and forget about their fears and unconfidence by visiting FastCustomWriting.Com.

Friday, 08 December 2017 07:21

Ethical Leadership

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The current business world focuses on operating ethically to achieve goals plus the needs of the society. An example of ethical leadership is where the leader demonstrates moral and good examples in the business. The leader must have an impact in the way people live in the society. Ethical leadership is all about honesty which comprises saying the truth irrespective of the situation. An example of ethical leadership is where the CEO of a company admits that the management failed in its business operations that led the company in making financial losses or the company has engaged in malpractices that affect the society such as pollution of the environment, (Weiss, 2011).

            There are various characteristics of ethical leadership in today’s business setting. This leadership shows strength and courage which allows leaders engage in ethical decision making. When faced with ethical situations, ethical leaders choose to handle ethical aspects in the best way irrespective of the notion that other parties will have in the society. It is essential for an ethical leader to behave and deal with ethical issues strictly and with the appropriate direction. Ethical leaders aim at finding best people and develop them in the growth and operations of the business, (Weiss, 2011).

            In the business world, ethical leadership is important because it fosters positive relations among employees and other stakeholders which provide benefits to the life of the organization. Ethical leadership helps follow the appropriate business operational direction. It helps organize the organization as a whole at all levels of its operations. Another relevance of the approach is that it energizes the team where it helps employees work in the expected manner plus supports and encourage employees to perform to best, (Weiss, 2011).


Weiss, J. W. (2011). An introduction to leadership. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc

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The 400th anniversary commemoration of the landfall of Columbia in New World, the Women’s Building of Columbian Exposition Chicago (1893) became a memorable moment in Chicago's history and the United States as a whole (Nichol, 2002). The World’s Columbian Exposition became an expansive and popular World’s Fair meant to promote the growth of Chicago in becoming a host city and to commemorate Columbia’s discovery of America during the 400th anniversary. The event also marked the start of colonnaded pavilion for women that were inspired by the Italian and classical Renaissance styles that were designed by the artists Sophia Hayden. Various women works were displayed at the pavilion in various fields, such as education, industry, sciences and arts. The pavilion acted as a venue for holding conferences for women issues. An example of a featured work by women displayed at the pavilion was Alice Rideout, sculptor (1874 - ??) (Dr. Roann, 2013).


This is twelve foot allegorical group statuary that was placed in four corners of the Women’s building roof. The group of “Enlightenment” comprised of the Civilization spirit that held the Torch of Wisdom. At the base, was the bird of wisdom, displaying a woman in gown and cap rising above a woman in search for knowledge. The central figure of innocence was displayed in the Three Virtues. A pelican that symbolize sacrifice and love is at the base accompanied a woman nursing two orphans and a nun presenting her jewels at the altar. Rideout also created friezes on the pediment of 45-foot long and also at the panels of the door. All these art and literature represented various virtues, such as women occupations and beneficence (Nichol, 2002).

Work cited

Nichol K (2002)The Women's Building: 1893 Chicago World's Fair & Exposition. Retrieved from


On March 26th 2014

Dr. Roann, B (2013) “The Columbian Exposition and the Woman’s Building, Chicago, 1893.”  Radford University. <http://www.radford.edu/~rbarris/Women and art/amerwom05/columbianexpostion.html>.

On March 26th 2014

Janet Peter is an academic writer and an editor and she offers custom essay writing service. Thus, people that doubt their own writing abilities can use the best custom paper writing service and forget about their fears and unconfidence by visiting FastCustomWriting.Com.

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