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Network engineering refers to the practice whereby there is a connection between computer networks with other networks using the gateways. Through gateways, there is a common method of routing data and information from one network to another network. The consequential system resulting from the interconnected networks are referred to as internetwork. A network engineer can be said to be technology professional having the required skills of planning, implementing, and supporting the computer networks which consequently support the in-house data, video, voice, and wireless network services (Anttalainen, 2003). Network engineer and network administrator have similar roles in an organization. However, the network engineer is more executively responsible than a network administrator. The responsibilities of a network engineer are more of planning, designing, and technical specifications in a company. Additionally, the network engineer also deals with the administration side of things which is the daily maintenance of a company’s network infrastructure, management, and troubleshooting responsibilities.
The main responsibility of network engineering is supervising the whole network of an organization or a company in which they work. Additionally, it is the responsibility of network engineer to ensure the network systems are functioning according to the intention of the organization. While working, the network engineer must ensure all computers are linked to the central computer as well as ensuring that all computer programs and files are availed to each computer whenever they are needed. Additionally, it is the responsibility of the network engineer to link the computers in the organizations to various machines such as printers, telephones, and fax machines among many others. The management of the communication devices like the maintenance of the mobile phones also falls under the description of the job of the network engineer. As much as network engineers are engaged in such activities as above, it is also their responsibility to develop, install, update, and maintain everything about the network such as software and hardware upgrading as well as the incorporation of new devices (Wasserman, 1993).
The researcher would like to train as a network engineer after which he will look for employment in the same capacity. As a network engineer, the researcher will have various duties central to the job. It will be the responsibility of the researcher as a network engineer to manage all user accounts of the place of work he will have secured his employment among which includes management of virus protection and user accounts. Additionally, having become a network engineer, the researcher will be responsible for the troubleshooting the company requires including issues with the company servers as well as the individual computers. However, the researcher will be needed to keep a documented list of the network issues as well as subsequent resolutions (Feamster, Winick, & Rexford, 2004).
Becoming an accomplished network engineer after which the researcher will look for employment is not an easy task. However, the researcher will take upon himself to ensure that he has learned and comprehensively understood the skills and qualities he requires to succeed as a network engineer in a company of his choice. The researcher will employ all methods which will ensure that he has succeeded in becoming the person he wants and an employable professional in the field of network engineering. Among the things he needs to do to succeed is ensuring that he has all resources he requires to learn and become network engineer (Wasserman, 1993).
Action research refers to a kind of study conducted to improve the conditions of the society or organization in which the research is being conducted. Action research is applicably and widely conducted by researchers using systematic inquiries with their intention being improving ways in which they carry out their activities. Therefore, the main reason why action research is preferred to other forms of research is that it helps researchers to improve ways in which they carry their research. Additionally, action research brings about the changes and improvements of the conditions in the organizations or communities in which they conduct the action research. Additionally, action research brings about the essence by the researchers of evaluating their actions through communication and observation. Through contemporary research, a researcher cannot observe and communicate while conducting their researcher.
History of Action Research
According to the current literature, action research originated from the United States. Kurt Lewin, a psychologist working the United States communities, is credited with the invention of action research in 1946. Kurt Lewin used action research as a method of inquiry, but it has since undergone several evolutions thus becoming the way in which it is today. As much as action research has undergone evolution, it has been born from the scientific methods of inquiries previously used by Kurt Lewin. While applying action research in his study, Kurt Lewin implemented actions capable of solving problems in a collaborative context using analysis and evaluation driven by data. It was through this that he was able to comprehensively understand the underlying causes of actions thus enabling him to predict the future about his personal and organizational changes (Greenwood, Whyte, & Harkavy, 1993).
Many years have passed since action research was first used. During this time of the development of research, there have been evolutions of many methods which adjust the balance of focus more towards the actions the researchers take or more on the research which comes from the reflective understanding of the actions. Through action research, Kurt Lewin was able to challenge traditional social science to move reflective knowledge developed by the outside experts to an active moment-to-moment theorizing, data collection, and inquiry that occurs in the midst of emergent structure. Kurt always knew that one would not gain knowledge without action and for action. Starting from this point, questioning the validity of social knowledge and not ways in which one can conduct action science requires the performance of action research which is similar to performing an experiment which makes action research an empirical process.
Action Research Steps
At some point, researchers will come across a problem or a challenge that they would like to address in their society or organization. While some researchers are going to rely on the traditional ways of solving these problems, others are going to seek the advice of the experts and colleagues in trying to address these challenges and problems (Brydon-Miller, Greenwood, & Maguire, 2003). Exemplary good researchers are going to carry out their investigations thus identifying and solving problems while conducting a comprehensive analysis of the information about their society or organization using the steps below:

Figure 1: The 4-step representation of the basic action research. Source:
i. Planning – This refers to the collaborative actions initiated by the researcher and the client. The main elements of planning step include preliminary diagnosis, gathering of data, and results in feedback.
ii. Action – The step includes transforming the plan into some actions about the learning process. It also includes the execution of the behavioral changes in the society or the organization.
iii. Observation – This is the step where the researcher changes the behavior of the action. Observation refers to the results of an output step of the action research. It also involves data gathering.
iv. Reflection – The researcher reflects on what went wrong and what might have gone against the plan. Additionally, necessary changes are made according to the outcomes of the reflection step.
Suitability of Action Research
The main purpose of action research is solving problems and bringing positive changes in the organization or society. Therefore, action research will suitably fit the researcher’s structured job search as a network engineer. Through action research, the researcher will gain knowledge and understanding of the requirement of a network engineer. Through action research, the research will allocate him some specific task through which he will be able to understand more about network engineering and network engineers comprehensively. Action research will enable the researcher to follow a systematic approach of planning, action, observation, and reflection in ensuring that he has what it takes to succeed as a network engineer (Holter & Schwartz-Barcott, 1993).

Anttalainen, T. (2003). Introduction to telecommunications network engineering. Artech House.
Brydon-Miller, M., Greenwood, D., & Maguire, P. (2003). Why action research. Action Research, 1 (1), 9-28.
Feamster, N., Winick, J., & Rexford, J. (2004). A model of BGP routing for network engineering. In ACM SIGMETRICS Performance Evaluation Review 32(1), 331-342.
Greenwood, D., Whyte, W. F., & Harkavy, I. (1993). Participatory action research as a process and as goal. Human Relations, 46 (2), 175-192.
Holter, I.M., & Schwartz-Barcott, D. (1993). Action research: What is it? How has it been used and how can it be used in nursing? Journal of Advanced Nursing, 18, 298 - 304.
Kemmis, S. (1985). Action Research and the Politics of Reflection. In D. Boud, R. Keogh & D. Walker. (Eds). Reflection: Turning Experience into Learning.(pp. 139 -163). London: Kogan Page.
Kemmis, S., & McTaggert, R. (1990). The action research planner. Geelong: Deakin University Press.
Wasserman, P. D. (1993). Advanced methods in neural computing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc..

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