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Health Surveillance System Evaluation Featured

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Passive Surveillance


Passive surveillance involves health workers filling forms on occurrences at their place of work, which they then send the reports to health authorities (Johnson, 2013). The health practitioners will study the reports and give a response mostly in an outbreak of contagious diseases. This system is best for controlling communicable as the situation is learned and established on the ground for action to be taken. In an emergency, it is difficult to sent data to the surveillance coordinator to wait for the outcome. This mode works best when the health workers fill the forms with the affected people and giving all then required information as by the instructions. Other systems can be used to ensure the desired results are reached, and the reports will be used to curb the event as other measures are put in place. Though the health workers take little attention on this, the authorities must push them to it periodically (Reid, 2009).



In passive surveillance, the sensitivity is more passive in that the events relating to disease are reported after they have occurred which leads to a case of insensitivity in handling the health issues. As the events are recorded after occurring, it is hard to respond to them as required.

Predictive value positive

This passive mode in terms of predictive value positive is right as it uses already occurred events from healthcare practitioners. The events occurred are found in the reports, so this passive surveillance uses the already available information in their records hence the true situation is established.


The passive mode of surveillance in case of representatives in a wide range as it involves the recorded data from the affected individuals in the population. The data collected and available is from the health workers thus representing the affected population. The involvement of the unaffected population many does add any value to the information sort as this requires individuals are affected.

Date Quality

Passive surveillance system in relation to date quality it may possess invalid information as the data available is from the previous events which might have occurred sometime back. However, the data is of assistance as it will enable the health care workers to be prepared of any future in eventualities (Doonan, 2013). Also, it will assist the health apparatus to be engaged in preventive modes and researchers perform their studies to control events in the future.


The passive surveillance system in terms of timeliness is used as at the time of  occurrence the events are reported immediately, for instance, the breakout of contagious diseases information regarding the affected population is reported and action is taken to prevent it ‘s spread.


Simplicity in passive surveillance is achieved as the population being used the affected one. The process of recording data and writing a report by a health practitioner involves an individual affected hence ensuring valid and correct information is collected.


Passive surveillance system in the form of flexibility is possible. But this may take time as it will wait for the next events to occur in the ground. The reports contained can be used to establish other information and to suit other objectives.

Health Policy Issues

 Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Eradication Policy

In the fight for HIV, eradication is a public issue here at South Carolina as the practitioners want to have zero infections from the current percentage (CDC, 2013). The youth’s being the most affected the authority has put programs to educate the youths on HIV and how they can prevent getting the infections. For instance in school they learn on sex education, HIV&AIDS, and other disciplines regarding the infection.  The CDC has come to the help by launching let’s stop HIV together. This program features people living with the virus in the US estimated to be 1.2 million. This fight stands for the victims their families and friends. Also, they can be reached online to fight the same.

 Public Health Policy on Children’s Mental Health  

In the state of South Carolina, approximately 1 in 6 children will experience a mental, emotional, or behavioral disorder leading to mental health complications. There is greater demand on health practitioners to try and control this situation to acceptable limits meaning only the unavoidable cases. Surveillance of mental disorders among children is done by the federal government to track children with mental challenges in order to identify the gaps and inform the entire US population to boost mental health in their siblings. The kids’ health determines the future of the population; therefore, the children must be reared well minus any complication as mental health is a concern. The decisions for the policies to be in place are made in the Federal government for the whole nation.

Policy implementation

The public health policy on Children’s Mental Health can be done by following the following mode of surveillance; the health workers will follow these steps. They have to record the state of the child at birth and the history of their parents in relation to mental status. In every visit to the hospital, the child should be assessed mentally to ascertain if everything is well. The parents are thought on how to improve the mental health of the child through diet and how they treat him. The social workers visiting homes are required to establish if there is any child kept or hidden by the parent’s guardians because of their mental health status. The parents who may be involved in such action must face the law. The teachers at school must access their learners to establish how they are doing both at and at the school as this will prevent the case of learners shooting others and even killing teachers. The friends and peers of the affected individuals have to take care of these individuals.


CDC (2013). Public Health Issues in 2013. Retrieved from

Doonan, M. (2013), “American Federalism in Practice,” The Formulation and Implementation of Contemporary Health Policy; Brookings Institution Press

Johnson, T. (2013), “public health issues,” New York, NY: Peachpit Press 

Reid, T.R. (2009),” Healing of America,” New York, NY: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

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